Most studies report a 95% or better success rate with dental implants, risks of dental implant surgery are minimal. Even then just like any surgery, dental implant surgery poses some health risks. Although problems are rare, and when they do occur they’re usually minor and easily treated. Risks include:
- Infection at the implant site
- Injury or damage to surrounding structures, such as other teeth or blood vessels
- Nerve damage, which can cause pain, numbness or tingling in your natural teeth, gums, lips or chin
- Sinus problems, when dental implants placed in the upper jaw protrude into one of your sinus cavities
- Another common complication is that the implant just doesn’t “take” to the bone, in which case it comes out very easily and painlessly. A new implant can then be replaced either immediately or after waiting several months for the bone to heal.
- Gum disease is also a potential problem for implant candidates. One effect of chronic periodontitis (the advanced form of gum disease that causes tooth loss) is bone deterioration. Bacteria eat away at the connective tissues on teeth roots, and also destroy gums and bone. Gum disease should be addressed prior to implant placement.
- Poor bone density can prevent osseointegration from occurring, thus it also poses concerns for dental implant success. A bone graft can improve bone density and one’s candidacy for a successful dental implant procedure.
- In addition, long-term use of bio-phosphates for osteoporosis may interfere with implant success, as may other medications. You must disclose all medications and medical history to your implant dentist during your initial consultation.
- Sinus Lift approximately 20% of the dental implant surgery patients need sinus lift, which is an invasive procedure and requires 3-7 days to heal. An experienced dentist can avoid complications
- Infections, implants should be placed under sterile conditions, the patient should always be covered with an antibiotic regimen.
- Complications such as nerve damage are preventable by studying the exact nerve location to determine appropriate implant size to prevent collision.
While no treatment works perfectly 100% of the time, implant therapy is one of the most predictable procedures in dentistry today. It’s very important that you chose a dentist who is experienced in implant placement. He should be able to answer all your questions regarding possible complications involved with your specific situation. Choosing a specialist implantologist can ensure reducing risks of dental implant surgery.